This is the third part of my series which I have wrote about FIFA is Titled as International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)-Part 3. If you want to know more about it, click the links given at the end of this article. I am sure you will like my effort. If you want to read the previous part as well, click this link;
FIFA world cup tournament resumed with the 1950 World Cup, which was held in Brazil. It was the first FIFA event in which British players were going to take part. 1930 title holders Uruguay came back in this contest, which had refused to play last two World Cups. Hungary, USSR and Czechoslovakia did not take part in this event for some political reasons. Last world cup champions Italy did participate, regardless of the Superga air disaster of 1949 in which the whole Grande Torino squad, several who were national team players, were executed. The 1950 World Cup was the only competition not to phase a final tie, replacing knockout rounds with two group phases. Though, the final match of the second group phase was actually a final, as the group standings meant the winners would be. Uruguay got the astonishing triumph over hosts and became victors for the second time.
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1954 World Cup was the fifth major contest from the FIFA, held in Switzerland. This was the first world cup which was broadcasted on television. The USSR did not participate because of their miserable performance at the 1952 Summer Olympics. Scotland made their first appearance in the competition, but was incapable to record a triumph, going out after the group stage. This event set a number of all-time goal-scoring records, including highest average goals per game and highest-scoring team (Hungary), and most goals in a single match (Austria‘s 7–5 quarter-final victory over Switzerland). West Germany was the contest champions, defeating Olympic winners Hungary 3–2 in the final, turning over a 2–0 deficit in the course, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winner. The match is recognized as the Miracle of Bern in Germany.
Brazil was the winning team of the 1958 World Cup, which was held in Sweden. Brazil turned out to be the first team to win a World Cup outside their home country (only 3 teams have done this to date – Brazil in 1958, 1970, 1994 and 2002, Argentina in 1986, and Spain in 2010). In this event Soviet Union appeared first time, most probable due to their success at Melbourne 1956. For the first (and so far only) time, all four British teams qualified for the final round. Wales was capable to get advantage of a condition in the Africa/Asia region, where the amount of withdrawals would give Israel qualification without having played a single qualifying match. This provoked FIFA to decree that qualification without playing was not permitted (regardless of allowing this to happen in earlier years of the Cup), and so Israel were ordered to play against one of the teams finishing second in the other groups. A tie was produced, and Wales overcome Israel 2–0 two times in 1958. It was the first (and so far the only) time that a country played a World Cup final round after having been eliminated in the regular qualifiers. The tournament also saw the emergence of Pelé, who scored two goals in the final. French striker Just Fontaine turned out to be the top scorer of the tournament with a still standing record of 13 goals.
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1962 World Cup held in Chile. Before play began, an earthquake struck, the largest ever recorded at 9.5 magnitude, prompting officials to rebuild due to major damage to infrastructure. When the competition began, two of the best players were in poor form as Pelé was injured in Brazil’s second group match vs. Czechoslovakia. Also, USSR saw their goalkeeper Lev Yashin show poor form including a 2–1 loss to hosts Chile as that team, inspired by team spirit captured third place.
The competition was also ruined by excessively self-protective and often aggressive strategy. This toxic atmosphere finished in what was known as the Battle of Santiago first round match between Italy and Chile in which Chile won 2–0. Earlier to the match, two Italian journalists wrote uncomplimentary articles about the host country. In the match, players on both sides made deliberate attempts to harm opponents though only two players from Italy were sent off by English referee Ken Aston. In the end, the Italian team required police protection to leave the field in safety.
In this tournament, Colombia’s Marcos Coll made World Cup history when he scored a goal direct from a corner kick (called an Olympic Goal in Latin America) the only one ever made in a World Cup and to the mythical goal keeper Lev Yashin.
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England (UK) hosted the 1966 World Cup, was the first to embrace marketing, featuring a mascot and official logo for the first time. The trophy was stolen in the run-up to the tournament but was found a week later by a dog named “Pickles”.South Africa was disqualified for disobeying the anti-discrimination charter (apartheid). The ban stayed in effect until 1992 when the South Africa Football Association was lastly acknowledged by FIFA. The qualifying rounds of the tournament saw a controversy when the African nations decided to withdraw in protest of only one qualifying place allocated by FIFA to the regions of Asia, Oceania and Africa. The ultimate qualifiers from the zone, North Korea, turned into the first Asian team to get to the quarter-finals, eliminating Italy in the process. England won the tournament, although Joao Havelange (former FIFA President from 1974 to 1998) asserted that the 1966 and 1974 World Cups were fixed so that England and Germany would win respectively.Geoff Hurst became the first and to this day the only player to score a hat-trick in a World Cup Final and Eusébio, whose team Portugal were taking part in their first World Cup, was the tournament top-scorer, with 9 goals to his name.
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1970 World Cup’squalifying rounds were totally unplanned with the Football War between Honduras and El Salvador. Mexico was the country where finals held. Israel had been with Europe, but due to political concerns, it was becoming harder to put them effectively in the qualifying stage. They were grouped in Asia/Oceania. Korea DPR then declined to play with Israel, even though this meant automatic exclusion. The group stage clash between defending champions England and Brazil lived up to its billing, and is still remembered for England goalkeeper Gordon Banks‘ save from a Pelé header on the six-yard line, arguably the best save ever. The tournament is also remembered for the semi-final match between Italy and West Germany, in which 5 goals were scored in extra time, and Franz Beckenbauer had been playing with a broken arm, since Germany had used up all their allowed substitutions. Italy was the ultimate 4–3 winners, but Brazil defeated Italy by 1–4 in the final, who turn out to be the first country to win three World Cups, and was awarded the Jules Rimet trophy permanently for their triumph.
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A new trophy was created for the 1974 World Cup and West Germany was the host country. After a draw in their first UEFA/CONMEBOL international play-off match against Chile in the qualifiers, the Soviet Union (USSR) rejected to travel to the Chilean capital for the return fixture for political reasons, and in accordance with the regulations, Chile were awarded a victory. East Germany, Haiti, Australia and Zaire made their first finals. The contest also saw a new system, where the two top teams from each of the earlier four groups were divided into two groups of four each again, and the winner of either group playing each other in the final. The West German hosts won the tournament by beating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final, but it was also the innovatory Total Football system of the Dutch that captured the footballing world’s imagination. The very well-playing Poland ended third, after defeating Brazil 1–0 (and after defeating Argentina 3–2 and eliminating Italy 2–1 in the initial group play), having barely lost in terrible rain in the semifinals to West Germany 0–1.
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The 1978 World Cup was held in Argentina, causing controversy as a military coup had taken place in the country two years earlier. Accusations that Dutch star Johan Cruijff rejected to take part because of political convictions were disproved by him 30 years later. And none of the teams decided to stay away. First time participants were Iran and Tunisia. Tunisia became the first African team to ever win a world cup game. Tunisia won their first match against Mexico 3–1. There was some on-field controversy as well. At some stage in the second round Argentina had an advantage in their match against Peru since the kick off were several hours after Brazil’s match with Poland. Brazil won their match 3–1, so Argentina knew that they had to beat Peru by four goals to advance to the final. Trailing 2–0 at half-time, Peru simply collapsed in the second half, and Argentina ultimately won 6–0. Rumors suggested that Peru might have been bribed into allowing Argentina to win the match by such a large margin. Argentina went on to win the final 3–1, Mario Kempes scored two goals, and the Dutch team was again runners-up.
You can continue reading about FIFA if you love football and wants to know more about it like; The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)Part 4
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Here are the links of all this series of articles I wrote about FIFA:
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