This is the last part of my series which I wrote on FIFA, titled as International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)-Part 4. I hope you must have liked it. The people who missed the chance must read the other parts to know the background of FIFA if you are a football fan and if you are not, you will inevitably become after reading this series of articles. You can also read more about FIFA if you love football and wants to know more about it. If you want to read the previous part, click this link;
International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)-Part 4
1982 World Cup was an expanded event in which 24 teams were taking part, the first growth since 1934 and Spain was the host country. Six groups were made, each group was having four teams, with the top two teams in each group move forward to the second round, where they split into four groups of three. The winners of each group advanced to the semi-finals. Cameroon, Algeria, Honduras, New Zealand and Kuwait were the debutants. The team match between Kuwait and France was a stage of a ridiculous incident. As the French were leading 3–1, the Kuwaiti team stopped playing after hearing a whistle from the stands which they thought had come from a referee, as French defender Maxime Bossis scored. As the Kuwaiti team was protesting the goal, Sheikh Fahid Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, president of the Kuwaiti Football Association, rushed onto the pitch and gave the referee a piece of his mind, who proceeded to disallow the goal. Boss scored another ultimate goal a few minutes later, and France won 4–1. Also during the group stages, Hungary beat El Salvador 10–1, which has been the only incident to this day that a team scored ten goals in a World Cup match. The group match between West Germany and Austria later resulted in alter of World Cup regulations, after both teams apparently aimed to keep the qualification ensuring 1–0 score line over 80 minutes. The semi-final between West Germany and France saw another controversy when German keeper Harald Schumacher‘s challenge took out Patrick Battiston, with the score at 1–1. Schumacher runaway a red card, and Germany won in a penalty shoot-out, after coming back to level from having gone 1–3 down. The final was won by Italy, making Italian captain Dino Zoff the oldest player to win the World Cup and Alessandro Altobelli to become the first substitute player to score in the final. Italian striker Paolo Rossi, who was making his comeback after a match-fixing scandal and the ensuing ban, was the tournament top-scorer with six goals including a perfect hat-trick against Brazil.
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1986 World Cup hosted by Mexico became the first nation to host two World Cups. The format changed again, with the second round being replaced by a pre-quarterfinal, knockout competition, for which 16 teams would qualify. It was also decided that the final two matches in all groups would kick off simultaneously, to make sure complete fairness. Canada, Denmark, and Iraq made their first finals. José Batista of Uruguay set a World Cup record being sent off after a mere 56 seconds into the game against Scotland. The quarterfinal match between England and Argentina is memorized for two remarkable goals scored by Diego Maradona, later Diego Maradona regarded as player of the tournament, the first, the controversial handball goal, and the second, considered to be the Goal of the Century, in which he dribbled half the length of the field past five English players before scoring. In the final, Argentina beat West Germany 3–2, motivated by Diego Maradona, who set up Jorge Burruchaga for the winner.
The 1990 World Cup was held in Italy. Cameroon is taking part in their second World Cup, made it to the quarter-finals after beating Argentina in the opening game. No African country had ever reached the quarter-finals before. The Republic bloc of Ireland made their first appearance in the contest. Mexico was unable to participate in the 1990 World Cup preliminary contest as a result of a two-year ban for age fraud at a youth championship; the United States of America qualified for the first time since 1950. A disagreeable incident blemished the South American preliminaries: during the match between Brazil and Chile, a firework landed close to the Chilean goalkeeper Rojas, who then feigned injury by cutting his face with a razor blade he had hidden in his glove. His team refused to continue the match (as they were down a goal at the time). The plot was discovered and resulted in a 12-year suspension for Rojas and to Chile being banned from the World Cup in 1994. The final featured the same teams as in 1986. After finishing runners-up in the two previous tournaments, West Germany beat Argentina 1–0 in the final. This was the third time West Germany won the world cup.
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The 1994 World Cup was the first World Cup final to be decided on penalties held in the USA, in this game Brazil beat Italy. Yugoslavia was disqualified due to UN approves in connection with the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Russia (taking the place of USSR which had fallen apart over 1990 and 1991) played their first World Cup contest as a new country, with Greece, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia are the debutants. Along with dishonor – Diego Maradona being excluded mid-tournament after testing positive for recreational drugs. Without him, Argentina was eliminated in the last 16 by Romania — the competition also saw tragedy when Colombian defender Andrés Escobar was murdered ten days after his own-goal against the hosts in their first round match that eliminated Colombia. The total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the greatest in World Cup history. Oleg Salenko of Russia scored five goals in a world cup match against Cameroon and became the first player to score five goals in a single World Cup finals game in his country’s 6–1 group stage win over Cameroon. The same match, 42-year old Roger Milla scored the only goal for Cameroon, becoming the oldest player ever to score in a World Cup match. The ultimate winner was Brazil.
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The 1998 World Cup was held in France and had an extended structure featuring 32 teams. Iran beat the Maldives in qualification by the widest margin in World Cup history – 17–0. In the finals, the second round match between France and Paraguay observed the first Golden Goal in World Cup history, as French Laurent Blanc scored a goal to give the hosts a 1–0 victory. Hosts France won the tournament by beating Brazil 3–0 in the final, as the scorer of four goals in the tournament, Ronaldo, appeared to be less than a hundred percent in the match, and was unable to make any impact. Croatia looked the first time but finished an admirable third.
The 2002 World Cup was the first to be held in Asia and was hosted jointly by South Korea and Japan. Togolese Souleymane Mamam became the youngest player ever to take to a World Cup preliminary game field at 13 years, 310 days in Lomé in May 2001. Australia defeated American Samoa 31–0 in a preliminary match – a new record for the margin of victory, and the highest-scoring game ever. The tournament was a successful one for teams conventionally regarded as minnows, with South Korea, Senegal and the USA all reaching the last eight. In the final Brazil beat Germany 2–0 and hold the title fifth time.
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Germany was the hosted country in 2006 World Cup. It was the first World Cup for which the previous winner had to qualify; the host nation(s) continue to receive an automatic berth. Four African teams also made their debut in the world cup finals Togo, Cote d’Ivoire, Angola and Ghana who extraordinarily made it to last 16 by beating the Czech Republic, third-ranked in the world, 2–1, along with the USA 2–0, before losing to the defending champions Brazil 0–3.
Defending champion Brazil and England were primarily favorites. But Germany’s performance was extraordinary until their progress stopped in the semifinals. However, the final match was played between Italy and France, in which French captain Zinedine Zidane got red card and sent off in the last 10 minutes of extra time for a headbutt to the chest of Italian central defender Marco Materazzi. Italy was the ultimate winner; Italy won this game by 5–3 in a penalty shootout, the score having been 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time.
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The 2010 World Cup was held in South Africa. It was the first Cup hosted on the African continent, and Spain won this world cup. The competition was prominent for its extremely defensive opening matches, controversies surrounding goal-line technology, and the introduction of vuvuzelas. Although considered as one of the contest favorites, Spain won the 2010 world cup, in spite of scored only 8 goals in 7 games and lost their opening match to Switzerland. David Villa led the team in scoring with five goals. In a final which saw a record number of yellow cards distributed and the exceptionally aggressive play from the Dutch side, the 10-man Netherlands squad was defeated 1–0 in the 116th minute of extra time by an Andres Iniesta goal.
I hope you liked reading it. For you convenience, I have placed a table to help you know about the winning teams, captains, and their managers every time FIFA has been played at one glance. Remember to leave you remarks in the comment box below.
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Winning teams, captains, and managers
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Here are the links to all this series of articles I wrote about FIFA: