Ice-Skating is an interesting and strength testing sport in which players slide over a smooth surface made of ice with the help of steel-bladed skates. It is common in those parts of the world where winters are cold enough to bring snow along with it and stays for along time. Ice-Skating is taken in different senses like it known as for fun and exercise while it is also the part of international sport. Different Ice-Skating shows like Ice-Follies and The Ice-Capades are source of entertainment of millions of peoples.
Read About: Competitions of Ice-Skating
History of Ice Skating
The first ever skates which we knowin the history had sharp spinters of animal bone fitted to the base of the boots to help them walk over the ice easily. Some drawings and paintings found related to it make us know that they belong to Middle Ages. The word which is used in the present world “Skate” is derived from the Dutch word “Schaats” which means- Leg bone or Shank bone.
Ice-Skating as a Sport
Skating in the form of sport first came on the scene on the lakes and canals of Scotland and Netherlands. In the 13th-14th century, wood was placed as the replacement for bone in skate blaades abd later in 1572, iron skates were introduced. Iron Skates were helpful enough to reduce the friction in making different moves. Generally, more advancement came and guidance books were published. The first ever club of skating was founded in Edinburgh in 1742. Than in the same era, the Scottish immigrants in North America introduced the metal-skates. Until the modification of skates to the most advanced form of skates-Steel Skates which are permanently attached to the leather boots, ice skating did not achieve the level of organized competitive sport. It quickly made the other forms of skates to vanish away.
Read About: Ice Skating-Forms
New Dimension to Ice-Skating
Using the advance form of skates which helped to slide over the ice smoothly, a Ballet-Dancer of United States known as Jackson Haines introduced a technique of free-flowing skating that included different movements. By the innovations in Skate Construction, Netherlands developed an Ice-Speed-Skating in the 17th century. While Figure-Skating was for the first time honoured to become the part of International Olympic Event in 1908. Men events were included in the 1924 Oylmpic Games.
There are different designs of skates introduced with the passage of time. They are even different according to the event of Ice-Skating. Sometimes, these skates are different on the behalf of gender.
Figure Skate Boots
The figure-skate blade are generally different from any other design of skates. They are concave or hollow-ground. That concave shape is a two-edged blade which runs equal to the length of the blade and comes in contact with the ice. The forward part is saw-toothed which is used to jump and spin in the toes. They are black for men and white for women with the sturdy leather boots. They give a firm support to the heel and ankle as they are tightly laced up over the ankle to help prevent the foot rolling outwardly or out of position.
These skates are made of lighter leather. With a single-thin-edge, speed-skates are generally with longer sized blade. The blade is smooth and turned-up from its toe. In the beginning of season 1996-97 of international competition, clap skates were introduced in speed skating.
In the clap skates, the blade in not attached to the back side of the boot but at the front, it is spring-hinged. Thus clapping nouse is produces when skating. The best point or call it a benefit of these skates is that they let the skater to keep its contact with the ice for a long time.