Dark and black discoloration of the skin under the eye is referred to dark circles. It is also known as dark rings or shadows. Dark circles occur to both men and women of different age groups. Some of the reasons why these grim circles occur are aging, stress, lack of sufficient sleep and stressful lifestyle, unhealthy diet plan (nutritional deficiency), dryness of skin under the eyes. Many other reasons like too much crying, too much of working before computers or seeing televisions, playing video games, hereditary factors, some illness like a sinus infection, seasonal allergies, pregnancy, etc. Many other reasons like too much crying, too much of working before computers or seeing revisions, playing video games, hereditary factors, some illness like a sinus infection, seasonal allergies, pregnancy, etc.
Tomato is a great skin lightening agent because of its bleaching properties that will help remove the dark circle around the eyes. Citric acid is the element in tomato that is responsible for its bleaching properties. Although the exact mechanism of action is not known, it primarily works by reducing melanin under the eye (the pigment which causes tanning and sun spots) in the skin. Further, Citric acid in tomato is among the five Alpha Hydroxy acids that possess the characteristics needed to break the bond that holds dead skin cells to the fresh cells. As dead skin cells that are attached to a fresh, new layer of cells that lie below, makes the skin appear dull, so it is important to eliminate them and reveal the glowing layer of cells that awaits below. Citric acid helps in removing those dead cells by weakening the bonds between old and new skin cells, thereby helping in improving the skin color around eyes and eye’s health.
Potatoes contain an enzyme called catecholase. When the raw potatoes are exposed to air, an enzyme catecholase oxidizes and becomes benzoquinone. Benzoquinone is a mild relative of a chemical called hydroquinone, which has been the active ingredient in skin bleaching products thereby helps in the lightening of dark circles. Raw potato is also believed to have mild bleaching properties, due to its high vitamin C content. As you know, vitamin C is used as a lightening ingredient and helps in reducing the dark pigmentation of the skin. The coldness of the potato also contributes to reducing swelling and inflammation of the vessels underneath the eye to minimize a dark, circles and tired appearance.
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The skin around the eyes, also known as per orbital area, is thin and is webbed with very tiny blood vessels or capillaries. When red blood cells pass through this area get damaged, sometimes leakage of blood occurs. The transparency of the per orbital area makes the loose blood visible in the form of dark circular patches around the eyes, known as dark circles. What specialist says about the vitamin K? The vitamin K is an anti-coagulant that can help strengthen blood vessels and keep them from getting damaged. Cucumber is an excellent source of Vitamin K, thereby helps in strengthening of blood vessels and prevents them from damage. The vitamin K deficiency can cause capillaries to break.
Among the various reasons for dark circles, dilation of blood vessels near eyes area due to tiredness, stress or inflammation is one of the most common reasons. Cucumber because of its cooling effect helps in constriction of blood vessels thereby helps in the disappearance of dark circles.
As you know about our environment is highly polluted, when you go out allergens and chemicals like carbon monoxide and lead into enters dark to your skin resulting in the inflammatory response. Inflammation expands the tiny blood vessels under eyes. These swollen blood vessels rub against the thin skin of the eyes and dark color appears. Cucumber contains various antioxidants, for example, vitexin, cucurbitacins, orienting, and iso- scoparin, also vitamin K and vitamin C, which help to reduce the inflammation creating puffiness under the eyes and also the dark circles.
4. Mint Leaves
Sometimes the blood vessels near the eyes dilate, because the skin near eyes is thinner, they show up as dark circles. Cold compress help shrinks your blood vessels. Though the exact chemical present in mint which is responsible for this effect is not known mint is known for its astringent, antiseptic, antibacterial, and antimicrobial properties. Its astringent properties can effectively shrink or constrict the blood vessels near the eyes that get dilated and show off the blood as bluish-blackish tint which we call dark circles. It is also very refreshing and soothing. Thus, when we apply mint on our eyes, we will get relaxed too which helps in lowering the stress, one of the causes of having dark circles.
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Dark circle removing property of lemon has been attributed to its Vitamin C content. Vitamin C present in lemon has a bleaching property. It helps in lightening the skin color by stopping melanin production. Further, it helps in loosening the connection between dead cells and underlying skin thus helps in exfoliating dead cells, so that new cells come on the surface.