Mosque is a place where Muslims are offering prayers five times a day. Mosque is also known as Masjid, and it is an Arabic word and its means “place of worships.” Islam is a 2nd liberal religion in the world, so mosques are also built in quite a large number all around the world.
The history of mosques is ancient, and you’d be amazed by knowing that almost all countries in the world have some of the oldest Masjids in the world. There is a list of 10 oldest mosques in the world.
1- Masjid Al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Masjid Al-Haram is the oldest mosque in the world as well largest. It is situated in Mecca Saudi Arabia. For the holiness, every Muslim is required to perform Five pillars of Islam, and one of the pillars is Hajj pilgrimage that Muslim shows in the Masjid Al-Haram at 10th Zulhajj, in the memory of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) Sacrifice of His beloved son Hazrat Ismail (AS).
During their daily Namaz (prayers) Muslims face towards the direction of Mecca as it is considered to be the holiest place of Islam. According to Islam history, it was built the first time in 2130 BC.
2- Al-Masjid Al-Nabawi, Medina, Saudi Arabia
Masjid Al-Nabawi was first time built in 622 AD. It is the second oldest and holiest site of Islam. It is situated beside the house of Last Holy Prophet (PBUH). The mosque would serve as a community center, a religious school, and a community cemetery. It also becomes the first place in the Arabian Country to introduce electric lights in 1909.
Hajj pilgrims also go to Masjid Al-Nabawi due to its prominent link with the life of Allah’s beloved Prophet (PBUH). Green Tomb of this Masjid is the most prominent place where the Tomb of last Holy Prophet (SAW) is situated. It was built multiple times in the history.
3- Masjid Al-Quba, Medina, Saudi Arabia
Masjid Al-Quba is one of the oldest mosques in the world. It is located in the outlying environs of Medina in Saudi Arabia. It was built in 622 AD first time. According to legend, its first rocks were placed by the Prophet (PBUH) when He arrived from the city of Mecca to Medina.
According to Islamic tradition, offering two raka’at of nafl prayer in the Al-Quba Masjid is equal to performing one Umrah.
4- Masjid Al-Aqsa, Jerusalem, Palestine
Masjid Al-Aqsa was built in 705 AD and is also known as Bayt Al-Muqaddas, the first Kiblah of Muslims. It has been constructed after forty years the construction of Masjid Al-Haram. It has the special place in every Muslims heart. It is the 3rd largest and holiest place in Islam.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was moved from to Masjid Al-Aqsa during the night journey. He offered prayers in this Masjid for 17 months and then on the order of Allah return to Kabba.
5- Masjid Al-Qiblatain, Medina, Saudi Arabia
The Masjid Al-Qiblatain is also known as the Masjid of the two Qiblas. It is historically important for the Muslims as the place where the Islamic Prophet (PBUH) expected the order to change the direction of prayers for Jerusalem to Mecca.
Thus, it exclusively controlled two prayer mihrabs, and recently the Masjid was repaired, and the old prayer mihrab facing Jerusalem was removed, and Mecca prayer mihrab was left.
6- Huaisheng Masjid, Guangzhou, China
Hazrat Sa’ad ibn Waqas (RA) was built Huaisheng Masjid in China, in 627 CE. He was the uncle of Prophet (PBUH). It was the first Masjid that was built out of the Arabian country. It is also known as the Lighthouse Mosque and is the chief mosque of the Guangzhou.
Many times it was rebuilt in its history. It was named in the remembrance of the last Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
7- Jawatha Masjid, Al-Ahasa, Saudi Arabia
Jawatha Masjid is located in the Al-Kilabiyah. It is a village that located 12km northeast of Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Jawatha Masjid is the earliest Masjid that was built in East Arabia and most of the original structure is in ruins and still used for Namaz.
8- Cheraman Juma Masjid, Kerala, India
Cheraman Juma was built in 629 AD in Methala, kodungallur Taluk in India. It is the first Masjid in India and built by Malik Deenar, an Arab and a follower and current of Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
9- Palaiya Juma Palli Masjid, Kilakarai, India
Palaiya Juma Palli Masjid was built in 628-630AD in Kilakarai, Tamil Nadu, India. It has an Islamic heritage of above 1000 years and is also known for its Islamic culture. It was rebuilt in 1036.
10- The Masjid of Uqba, Kairouan, Tunisia
The great Mosque of Kairouan is also known as the Masjid of Uqba. It is situated in the UNESCO world Heritage town of Kairouan. It was established by the great General Hazrat Uqba Ibn Nafi (RA) in 670 CE. It is one of the more impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.