There is no place on earth as the center, as holy, or as respected to as many people as Mecca. This is the most prominent place on land and daily multi-lack people scared Kaaba at the center of the Haram refuge and worship. By any objective stander, Mecca Valley is in the Hijaz region of Arabia.
Millions of residencies are adorned with pictures of it and multi-billion face it five times a day. The Kaaba is the epicenter of Mecca. This cube-shaped building is at the heart of all Muslims and well-known real estate in the humanity history. It is covered with black and its fair share of secrecy.
10 Facts About The Kaaba That You Probably Didn’t Know About
1- Purpose of the Shathrawan
Abdullah Ibn Al-Zubair (RA) was built first time Shathrawan in his rule in Mecca. It has been constructed to protect the Mecca against flooding during the rainy season. During his rule, Kaaba was covering with leather cloth or Kiswah, for safety. Fifty-five rings of copper were used to fasten the coverings of the Kaaba to the Shathrawan as a means of further security.
2- The Black Stone is not a Single Piece
The Black Stone is called the Al-Hajar-Al-Aswad and is one of the cornerstones of the Kaaba Sharif. It consists of some fragments held jointly by a silver frame that is fixed firmly by silver nails to the Kaaba. These are seven or eight pieces, not a single piece, and it has been cemented together. The diameter of the Stone is 30cm, and 1.5m is off the ground. Originally it is one piece but was broken during the different raids like the Qarmatian raid in 930 AD.
Imam Sadiq (a) said:
“Allah ordained the Hajar al-Aswad, which was a jewel of heaven, for Adam (a) as a pledge…Allah has taken a pledge in this place as long as humans have been existent.” (Kafi, v.4, pp.184-5)
3- Virtue Of Al Multazam
It is the Sunnah to hold on the Kaaba wall in such manner that a chest, cheek, and hands are against the Kaaba wall. Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (RA) narrated that, once completed the Tawaf, performed the Salah and then kissed the Hajar-Al-Aswad or Black Stone.
After that, he stood between the Black Stone or Hajar-Al-Aswad and the door of the Kaaba in such a manner that the chest, cheek, and hands were against the wall. Then he said:
“This is what I saw Prophet Muhammad (SAW) do.”
4- Inside the Kaaba there is a Niche Where Holy Prophet (SAW) Prayed
The interior of the Kaaba is motivated by a mix of musk and genuine sandalwood perfumes reapplied throughout the year. The floors of the Kaaba are made of white marble framed by – 4meter high rosewood marble running parallel to the walls. At the inner door located in the back of the Kaaba, there is a niche where the Prophet (PBUH) played his prayers. A different colored marble indicates the area.
5- Three Wooden Columns Support the Roof of the Kaaba
Earlier six Wooden Columns are used to hold up the Kaaba roof, but now there are just three Wooden Columns that support its roof. Each Wooden Columns is 44 cm in diameter and high 9m. The lamps are hung inside the Kaaba with its roof is made of copper and silver, dating back to Ottoman Empire.
6- The Staircase Inside the Kaaba
The Staircase is on the right side of the Kaaba door, and it is leading to the roof access through a door know as the Door of Repentance. It is made mostly of aluminum.
7- The Virtues of the Yemeni Corner
Our beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said:
“Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner indeed erases sins.” (Narrated by Ahmad from Ibn ‘Umar; classed as Saheeh by Al Albaani in Saheeh al Jaami’, no. 2194).
Hazrat Abdallah ibn Al Saa’ib narrated that I heard the words that Allah’s Messenger says between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone:
“Our Lord, gives us that which is good in this world and that which is good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1892)
8- Key Keepers of the Kaaba
On the defeat of Mecca, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was given the Kaaba keys and instead of keeping it in his own ownership. He twisted them back to the Osman Ibn Talha (RA) of the Bani Shaiba family.
They are the traditional key keepers of the Kaaba for centuries and the Holy Muhammad (SAW) long-established them in that position till the end of time by these words:
“Take it, O Bani Talha, eternally up to the Day of Resurrection, and it will not be taken from you unless by an unjust, oppressive tyrant.”
Till now, the Kaaba keys remain hands of the same family.
9- History of the Kiswa (Al Kaaba Cover)
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) was covered the Kaaba with fabrics and Yemeni textiles. In the rule of Hazrat Umer Ibn Al Khattab (RA), it was covered with Egyptian linen. According to Hesham Ibn Orwa, the original leather covering for fabrics was made in the rule of Ibn Al Zubair.
First time Kaaba’s cover was changed twice in one year in the role of Mowaya Ibn Abi Sufyan. The cover was changed one time at 10th of Muharram and the second time at the end of the Ramadan. The Ibn al-Zubair was also familiar for his kindness in using superior perfumes indoors the Kaaba. It was common for a king, sultan or prince to contribute in the Kaaba cover.
10- The Covers Of The Kaaba Are Manufactured In Mecca
In Mecca a factory that is under the Saudi government, which is the sole manufacturer of the Kaaba covers. They manufactured the three types of Kaaba covers:
I)- Internal covers
II)- External Covers
III)- Cover of the Kaaba Door
The Kaaba Door cover is called Al-Boruqoo’o. More than 600 meters of fine black silk (weight 670kgs) are specially made and covered with Qur’anic verses by using gold coated silver fibers.